Date(s) - 04/20/2018
Standard Bronze Turkeys originated from crosses between the domestic turkeys brought by European colonists to the Americas and the Eastern Wild Turkeys. The hybrid vigor of the cross resulted in turkey stocks that were larger and more vigorous than the European birds and they were much tamer than wild turkeys. They were named bronze because their plumage had a coppery-bronze colored metallic sheen. The Bronze variety was described in the American Standard of Perfection in 1871. That is why they are called “Standard” in relations to Broad Breasted Bronze. Standard Bronze turkeys were recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1874.
The poults have dark brown backs with light brown streaks. Their wing tips, front of head, chest and abdomen are light brown. The horn colored legs and feet do not have any feathers. They do not have a comb but have a tubular leader or snoot protruding from the base of the beak.
The plumage colors of Standard and Broad Breasted Bronze are the same, with the tail and tail covert feathers being a dull black with parallel lines of brown, with the end of the feather having a wide band of copperish bronze followed by a narrow black band with the feather ending with a wide white band at the tip. The plumage of Standard Bronze Turkeys is usually lighter and more lustrous than that of Broad Breasted. The standard weight for young toms is 25 pounds and for young hens 16 pounds.